• Blood in urine (hematuria)
  • Low back pain on one side (not caused from injury)
  • A mass or lump on the side or lower back Fatigue (tiredness)
  • A mass or lump on the side or lower back Fatigue (tiredness)
  • Weight loss not caused by dieting Fever that does not go away Swelling of ankles and legs (edemia)
If you have any of these consult a doctor so the cause can be determined
Medical history, exams, tests
  • The doctor will want to take a complete medical history to check for risk factors and symptoms.
  • A physical exam can provide information, or a mass might be felt.
  • Blood tests check for anemia and kidney function level.
  • Always take your medications with you. A Medication log form is available by clicking here.
CT Scan
Staging is the process of determining how far the cancer has spread. A standardized system was defined by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC); known as the TNM system and describes 3 key pieces of information.
  • T indicates the size of the main tumor and has it grown into nearby areas.
  • N describes the extent of the spread to nearby lymph nodes.
  • M indicates if the cancer has metastasized (spread) to other organs
Numbers or letters after T, N, and M provide details about each factor. The numbers 0 – 4 indicate increasing severity, the letter X means it can not be assessed. Read More →